Days Payables Outstanding Formula Example

days payable outstanding formula

Just upload your form 16, claim your deductions and get your acknowledgment number online. You can efile income tax return on your income from salary, house property, capital gains, business & profession and income from other sources. Further you can also file TDS returns, generate Form-16, use our Tax Calculator software, claim HRA, check refund status and generate rent receipts for Income Tax Filing. Knowing your DPO is important since it gives you insight into how efficient your business is at settling debts with its suppliers. With our projection of the COGS line item complete, we’ll perform a similar process for our forward-looking A/P days assumptions.

days payable outstanding formula

Jeremy is a finance writer experienced with a range of B2B solutions, including accounting, financial automation, and corporate financial management. A small value for DIO is preferred by many companies because it means that goods do not remain in the warehouse for long. This indicates good warehouse management because capital is not tied up in inventory for very long, but can be converted into cash promptly. A high DPO means that the company can push its liabilities far into the future. In contrast, a low DSO value means that the company receives payment from its customers very quickly, which increases cash.

Factoring in accounting practices when calculating DPO

Download CFI’s Excel template to advance your finance knowledge and perform better financial analysis. In another version, the average value of beginning AP and ending AP is taken, and the resulting figure represents the DPO value during that particular period. Adam Hayes, Ph.D., CFA, is a financial writer with 15+ years Wall Street experience as a derivatives trader.

days payable outstanding formula

Several companies have successfully implemented DPO strategies to optimize cash flow and improve financial performance. For example, Procter & Gamble was able to improve its DPO from 50 days to 75 days by renegotiating payment terms with suppliers and implementing a more efficient payment processing system. The term ‘accounts payable’ means the amount of money a company owes to its vendors and suppliers.


A low DPO is considered to be a positive sign for a company’s financial health, as it shows that the company is able to pay its bills in a timely manner. The Days Payable Outstanding (DPO) is the estimated number of days a company takes on average before paying outstanding supplier or vendor invoices for purchases made on credit. In many businesses, the days sales outstanding number can be a valuable indicator of the efficiency days payable outstanding formula of the business and the quality of its cash flow. If the number gets too high, it could even disrupt the normal operations of the business, causing its own outstanding payments to be delayed. The financial analyst at XYZ wants to perform the accounts payable days calculation for the previous fiscal year. The starting accounts payable balance was Rs. 400,000, and by the end of the year, it increased to Rs. 600,000.

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